BIM generates 3D design models of the building structures incorporating the tasks of planning, designing and construction by the professionals. The access to designs is then extended owners of the buildings so as to keep them informed about every stage of the building project as well as about the full view of the building structure. In addition to this, BIM facilitates an informed decision-making process for an individual for his or her building or property.
BIM is an acronym for the software used by the architects - Building Information Modelling. It is a software platform that involves numerous stakeholders from diverse fields such as architects, engineers and construction based professionals making this whole task a multidimensional work.
BIM aids the construction process of a building by processing the 3D models of building structures which makes it easier for the architects and the other professionals to work on the projects. However, BIM is far more than just 3D images where the digital representation goes beyond mapping the physical space. Rather, it keeps updating the plan as and when the changes are made.
BIM has a special facility of data storage that plays a huge benefit for the architects. There is so much of different kinds of architectural storage that can be stored in BIM, serving as a single platform where the information can be accessed as well as edited flexibly. This information has multi-purpose as it caters to various sectors, enabling different professionals to collaborate.
Significance of BIM
There are several reasons as to why BIM has taken the architectural designs to the next level when it comes to implementing ideas and actions on the buildings:
- Intelligent Elements - BIM comprises components that are mostly geometrical in nature and hence reflects the proportional change that a building will go through whenever there is an update on the structure of the building. The best advantage of this software is the coordinated elements in the designing that are adjusted and subsequently, updates making the work much simpler as various professionals such as architects, engineers, interior designers, project managers and real estate contractors collaborated on this single platform.
- Sharing the Actionable Information - The BIM is all about application-based action that can be taken by the professionals with the help of the information that is derived from the software right from the stage of conception to completion. The ultimate objective of using BIM is to keep improving the accuracy of the structure as the building is being designed, built as well as designed along with the changes that are brought in.
- Differing Levels of BIM - Each building project has a stage through which it goes through and every stage has its own type of work and the need for the number of professionals. Through these different levels of BIM, the maturity of the project can be gauged effectively, shared and managed throughout the entire process.
WORKING AT A BIM LEVEL
We work at BIM Stage 2 where this stage comprises of collaborative work amongst all the professionals involved but not necessarily on the same single platform. Information regarding designs is shared through a common file format. This allows everyone to keep a check on how designing is progressing.
This level helps the architects and other professionals to come together to act efficiently with the structure that is in progress in construction. These levels, in other words, increase the amount of work as well as collaboration amongst the professionals.
BIM solves the following challenges that are involved in the construction field in India that have deterred many from investing their time and energy into the same. Some of these challenges are :
- Sudden changes in design without being informed
- Higher possibilities of error and rework
- Time and Work Affect Consumption
- Rising input costs
- Shortage of skilled workers and experts in the construction field
- Changes in construction cost estimation
- Lack of organisational, planned and structured work
- Lack of cooperation amongst various stakeholders in the construction field
- Low productivity and quality of work
Hence, in this regard, Building Information Modelling(BIM) comes as an ideal solution in the field of construction and construction business. All these challenges can be tackled with one advanced technological software that helps to sort all the issues that are usually faced at the construction site. BIM also helps a lot in the planning stage which in turn optimises the implementation strategies of various stakeholders.
Building Information Modelling (BIM) is a technological software that aids the architects and other professionals such as structural engineers to plan, design and implement the construction of a building accurately as the technology gives the final look of how the structure will look like.
In the end, BIM is a competitive technology that has made the architecture work much more efficiently and proper with all the details now being available to everyone in order to carry out all sorts of work.